Gum recession refers to the loss of gum tissue along the gum line. This can occur because of periodontal disease (gingivitis, periodontitis, advanced periodontitis), the natural aging process, or abrasive habits when it comes to brushing the teeth. If you’re an American aged 30 or over, there’s a one in two chance that you have gum recession. When you reach 65 years or older, your risk goes up to 70 percent. The problems associated with gum recession range from mild to severe and can include:
- Cosmetic concerns: Visible tooth root that is darker than the rest of your tooth.
- Sensitivity to sweet, hot, or cold food and beverage.
- Continued recession, severe inflammation, bone loss, and possible tooth loss.
- Root and tooth decay.
While symptoms may start out mild, with sensitivity in one or two teeth and some apparent discoloration, your teeth become increasingly vulnerable to decay and if left untreated may eventually require extraction.